Translation is the process of communicating the meaning of text from a source language to a target language. The importance of effective translation is perhaps more important today than ever. In an increasingly globalized world organizations are looking to communicate with customers in more countries and more languages than ever before. Companies need to ensure that the message they are promoting is understood by everyone. This has created a thriving translation industry with companies offering specialized services that cater to the exacting needs of their customers.
The best professional translators are native speakers in the target language. A person who is a native speaker will understand the idiosyncrasies of the text and can facilitate the most effective and natural translation possible. Typically a professional translator will have a very high level of competency in the source language and will be native in the target language.
Translation services are used regularly by organizations large and small for their day-to-day business needs, such as document translations, while individuals can also use them to translate important government documents or personal projects.
The History of Translation
Translation first began following the appearances of written literature, approximately 2000 BCE. In more recent times translation grew in importance following the heightened demands that arose from the Industrial Revolution in the mid 1700’s. Since this point the industry became more formalized with schools and professional institutions beginning to appear.
Technology in the Translation Industry
The topic of machine translation has been dated as far back as the 17th century, however it wasn’t until the 1950’s that it became a viable option. US based researchers first translated six sentences of Russian into English using an automated machine, though the project did not progress with more significant leaps forward. Today the machine translation market has many programs that operate at impressive levels but with some constraints. Statistical and rules based systems are the most commonly used systems on the market, Google Translate is the most widely used statistical system in the world